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Removal of Thyroid Gland

What is thyroidectomy?

Surgical removal of thyroid gland is called thyroidectomy.
There are three types of thyroidectomy:
  • Total thyroidectomy
  • Subtotal thyroidectomy
  • Hemithyroidectomy

Under what circumstances is removal of thyroid gland surgery(thyroidectomy) is performed?

Thyroidectomy is one of the treatments for thyroid disease and thyroid cancer. Hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism are two types of thyroid conditions. Hyperthyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland is overactive and produces more thyroxine than what is needed. Hypothyroidism is a condition where the thyroid gland is under active and produces less amount of thyroxine.
Symptoms of Hypothyroidism:
  • 1.Weight gain
  • 2.Fatigue
  • 3.Dry skin, Hair and nails
  • 4.Feeling cold

Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism:
  • 1.Muscle weakness and fatigue
  • 2.Fast heart rate
  • 3.Jittery and irritable feeling
  • 4.Rapid weight loss
  • 5.Heart intolerance

What are the other thyroid related ailments?

There are 2 other types of thyroid ailments they are:

  • 1.Nodules
  • 2.Goiter
  • Nodules: A thyroid nodule is a solid or a liquid filled lump. They do not cause any variations in the functioning of the thyroid gland most of the time but there are chances in some rare cases that they may turn cancerous.
  • Goiter: This is a condition where there is an enlargement of thyroid gland due to over secretion of thyroxin (hyperthyroidism).

How is the surgery carried out?

The surgery is carried out under the influence of anesthesia. Once the patient is unconscious a breathing tube is placed in the trachea to help breathing during the operation. All the vital parameters of the body are monitored by the surgical team.
Incisions are made in the lower central part of the neck and using the surgical instruments and depending upon the condition of the patient either the thyroid gland is completely removed (total thyroidectomy) or a portion of it is removed (Subtotal thyroidectomy) or half of the thyroid gland is removed (Hemithyroidectomy).

Total thyroidectomy: A total thyroidectomy is performed when there is a need to remove the gland completely; for example when there is cancerous growth.
Subtotal thyroidectomy: In this procedure only a portion of the thyroid gland is removed and the remaining part is left to function.
Hemithyroidectomy: if this procedure is carried out only half of the gland is removed, this procedure is carried out when the nodules are not spread all over the gland and only restricted to a portion of it.

Frequently Asked Question's(FAQ's)

1. How Do I Find a Bariatric Surgeon?

Clearly, you want a bariatric surgeon who is very experienced in this specialty area. Research shows that the more experienced the surgeon, the lower the risk of death or complications during or after the surgery. To identify an excellent surgeon, collect a list of names. Ask friends and family members. Ask coworkers. You might be surprised -- lots of people often know others who have had weight loss surgery and want to share their doctor's name.

2. How Will My Physical Appearance Change After Weight Loss Surgery?

As you start losing weight, you will likely be thrilled with your new appearance. However, many people who lose a lot of weight often find their skin looks loose and baggy. You may want plastic surgery to remove this excess skin.

3. Will My Social Life and Relationships Change After Weight Loss Surgery?

Your relationships with friends and family may indeed change after weight loss surgery. For many people, food and drink are the basis for socializing. After weight loss surgery, you must find other ways to socialize -- ways that aren't focused on food.

4. Will I Feel Like Myself After I Lose Weight?

Losing a significant amount of weight is no small matter. In fact, the effects are profound and far-reaching. Life may seem disconcerting at times. You may feel odd, not quite like yourself. You may feel overwhelmed by the lifestyle changes you must make for the rest of your life. You may have reached for food as comfort -- and have difficulty giving it up. A therapist can help you get through this complicated period. A support group can also help. Ask your doctor about support groups for people who have had weight loss surgery. It helps to meet people who are making the same adjustments you're making -- and can help keep you on track with your weight loss program.

5. What Lifestyle Changes Are Necessary After Weight Loss Surgery?

Over time, some people regain weight despite bariatric surgery. Some eat high-calorie or high-fat foods instead of healthy foods -- and eat them too often. Some people rely on "soft meals" such as ice cream and milk shakes. The body itself may change over time, too, leading to weight gain. The digestive tract might begin absorbing more calories. Even the size of your surgical stomach can expand gradually over time.

6. How Much Weight Will I Lose After Surgery?

After gastric bypass surgery, most people can expect to lose between 66% and 80% of their extra body weight. Most of this is lost within the first two years. After gastric banding, people lose 40% to 50% of their extra weight, typically within the first two years after the surgery.

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